Tomb of Guo Pu


    There is a group of naturally irregular stones along the Taying Lake on the west Jinshan Mountain. The Stone Group is named as Shipai (Shijie) Mountain, as well as Yungen Island. Remains of Guo Pu of Eastern Jin Dynasty, the famous writer and expert explaining words of ancient books, was buried there. And this place is called the Tomb of Guo Pu by folks. Guo Pu (A.D. 276—324), was born in Wenxi county of Hedong (nowadays Shanxi Province), with surname of Jingchun. Guo Pu was well learned and brilliant, his Ci (a kind of poems) and Fu (a kind of poems) ranked top in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. His works include Annotation of Er’ya, Map of Er’ya, Praise to Er’ya, Annotation of the Classics of Mountains and Rivers, Annotation of the Biography of King Mu, Annotation of the Songs of Chu, Entombment Analysis etc. He was also professional at Yin and Yang (the two opposing principles of nature) and divination. All his achievements were admired of all the ages. The elder Senta, the Japanese envoy to China in Ming Dynasty had once visited Jinshan Mountain and the tomb of Guo Pu and made a poem to memory Guo, the poem said: “Lonesome Guo is, locked here in Longmen, medical men here paid little attention, there is sky, the sun and the moon, left their shadow in the river, but there is no space, for descendants to worship, before Guo’s Tomb!”


    Guo was killed in Nangang of Wuchang (Capital city of Hubei Province) due to his objection to the behavior of Wang Guo, the powerful minister, usurping emperor’s throne. Huang Jishi, the governor and censor of the 23rd year of Wangli Period of Ming Dynasty, elected a monument to him and wrote his biography, there were several characters carved on the monument, saying “The Tomb of Guo Pu, the Prefecture Chief of Hongnong of Jin Dynasty”. Lu You of the Southern Song Dynasty made research and recorded in his Diary Made about and in My Journey in Sichuan where he thought there were numerous tombs of Guo Pu. The tomb is not in Zhenjiang, and later generations quoted this statement. Actually, history and legend can co-exist and be coincident in content.
 







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