Liang Hongyu Played Drum on Jinshan Mountain to Enhance Troop Morale

    Miaogao Terrace on Jinshan Mountain has once been the place for Liang Hongyu to play drums for his husband Han Shizhong to fight against troops from Jin Dynasty. It is said that the drum was still listed in Miaogao Terrace. The drum voice seems to be linger about there and guide travelers back to the battle field of more than eight hundred years ago.

    Born in Huai’an, Liang Hongyu loved labors very much as well as literature and Wushu, She came to Zhenjiang with her mother in order to avoid wars raised by Jin troops to Huaihe River area and fell in love with Han Shizhong the first time they met, Han was a junior military officer at that time and they married later. Han made great success with the help of Liang Hongyu and advanced to be Supervisor of Western Zhejiang Province.

    After the Northern Song Dynasty perished, Zhao Gou, the King of Kang at that time, escaped to Lin’an and established Southern Song Dynasty there and named the reigning title to be Jianyan and he was later mentioned as the first Southern Song Emperor.
    At the first half of A.D 1130, Wushu of Jin Dynasty conquered Hangzhou and later he guided around 100,000 soldiers, together with rich robbed treasures, via nowadays Jiaxing, Suzhou and along the Grand Canal to Zhenjiang, aiming to retreat from Zhenjiang. At that time, Han Shizhong, who was 43 years old then, together with his wife Liang Hongyu, was directing 8,000 navies to guard Zhenjiang. Enemy population is so much more than Han’s troops, Han had to consulate with his wife hurriedly for stratagem. Liang raised her idea to use ambushing to fight against enemies and that idea made Han so happy. That day, Han directed his wife Liang to survey the terrain on Jinshan Mountain to search the best place to ambush. Looking at the endless whiteness of the river surface, Han said “Madame, see, the river is so vast, and enemies are so many and we have very much fewer navies, it is really difficult to guard here. What about we retreat to the backward position of the river and wait for the assisting troops for fight?” Liang pointed at Nianyutao and said “my general, have you seen that endless reed marshes? If we ambush in the reed marshes and induce Jin troops forward to there and fight them when they are unaware, then we will surely win the war!” Hearing her words, Han praised it an excellent plan again and again and said “that’s it. Then I will be responsible to induce Jin troops!” “And I will stand here at the top of the mountain to play drums to encourage fighting morale for your troops!” they set down the plan and then some scout came and reported: “Wushu’s troop is approaching!” Han then stood on the gate tower and saw that there were numerous black boats arriving on the Yangtze River surface, they are the more than 500 warship directed by Wushu. Enemies made threatening gestures and dashed around madly from Jiaoshan Mountain, heading for Jinshan Mountain direction. Liang Hongyu also had seen them clearly. She was so bright and brave, then she began to play the drum suddenly.
    After the first drum-play, Han instructed his navies at once to go out of the reed marshes to meet head-on the Jin troops!

    After the second drum-play, Han pretended to have suffered a setback and retreated while fought and then concealed into the reed marshes quickly. Wushu took them same as those Song Dynasty troops who were mortally afraid of death and couldn’t withstand a single blow when fighting with his troops before. Wushu then ordered his troop to follow up Han’s navies tightly until they entered the ambushing place. Liang Hongyu, looking clearly Jin’s troop’s actions on the top of Jinshan Mountain, then waved her commanding flag and played drum for the third time. Along with the shocking drum voice, warships ambushed at the reed marshes removed their disguises and headed forward directly to the enemy. Since Han’s troops were mostly come from the populations residing along the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River, they were very professional at swimming originally and Liang Hongyu had attached much importance to train them and now, each of them were ten of average navy and played great role then. Some of them got into the river and chiseled Jin’s ships; some of them use ordnances and fire arrows to fight against Jin’s troops. Dark smokes arose on the River and the battle noises hit even the sky. Most of Jin’s troops were not professional at swimming, and had never suffered such heavy strike since they invaded and more than half of them were already injured or dead and the rest were in disarray. Wushu then ordered his troops to retreat until they arrived at Huangtiandang near nowadays Jurong city in Jiangsu province.

    Han directed his troops to follow up Wushu tightly and encircled the later in Huangtiandang on the south side of Yangtze River, leaving no alternative for Jin’s troops. And this encircling lasted for 48 days. Wushu, who was urgently to retreat, then begged Han before his troops to “help”, Wushu was willing to turn over all the treasures he rod to Han for a retreating path, but Han refused and raised his own conditions: “Return our two emperors and retreat from our territory, then I will not kill you!” without other choice, Wushu then dispatched lots of scout to ask directions from local people and learned that there was a river-way at the west end of Huangtiandang, the river-way was originally connected to the Yangtze River but later chocked with silt and this silt made Huangtiandang to be a closed place. Wushu then instructed his soldiers to dig the river-way at night and connect the Laoguan River (nowadays Dadao River and Bianmin River in Jurong, Jiangsu province). Wushu’s troop entered Yangtze River from here and retreated to Nanjing.

    Arrived at Nanjing, Wushu’s troops, who were still in suffering from the shock of last war, were heavily attacked by Yue’s Troop directed by Yue Fei. Jin’s troops dared not to stop at Nanjing and Wushu directed his remaining troops retreat via a roundabout route to Guazhou(in nowadays Yangzhou) where Wushu (his name was Wanyan Liang) was killed at Guishan Temple by his troops. In this war, Han Shizhong, with his 8,000 navies, attacked the so-called 100,000 soldiers of Jin’s troops throw away their shields and armours and Jin’s whole troops were heavily damaged. Since then, Jin’s troops never tried to invade the southern area of Yangtze River and this set foundation to the establishment and stability of Southern Song Dynasty. 

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